Contribution of the Designed Environment to Fall Risk in Hospitals

Margaret P. Calkins, Stacey Biddle, Orion Biesan

Very little research has systematically examined the relationship between patient falls and built environment characteristics such as room and unit layout, relationship of the bed to the bathroom, or layout and features of the bathroom. The authors of this report, which was funded by The Center for Health Design and FGI, used cross-sectional analysis of archival fall data from 27 units in 12 hospitals to identify design characteristics associated with greater or fewer falls.

Among the characteristics identified are visibility from staff work spaces, presence of a dedicated family space in the room, and bathroom layout and supportive features.


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